There are so many types of internet threats today. Take a look at our comprehensive list of threats. You have to know what you are combatting before you can have a complete threat detection program.
An Internet threat is a threat that makes use of the World Wide Web to disperse, conceal, and update themselves with the intention of facilitating cybercrime.
By simply using the internet, we are constantly being bombarded by multiple types of internet threats. All types of internet threats apply various forms of malware and fraud, in which every part of it uses HTTP or HTTPS protocols, and utilize other protocols and components, such as links in email or instant messaging, or malware attachments that have access to the Web.
Most types of internet threats assist cybercriminals by filching information for consequent sales and assist in absorbing infected PCs into botnets. Cyber-crime cases keep on increasing and expanding, intrinsically, cybersecurity should be considered as a vital part of any business, and consequently be highlighted as part of its threat management detection system.
These types of internet threats profess an extensive variety of risks, comprising financial damages, personality theft, loss of private information, theft of network assets, damaged brand/individual status, and wearing away of user confidence in e-commerce and online banking. They have the ability for vulnerabilities to develop into attacks on computer systems, networks, and many more setups. They put user’s computer systems and professional computers at risk, so vulnerabilities must be secure so that attackers cannot penetrate the system and cause harm or loss. By deciding to overlook the perpetually present and potential threat of cyber-crime, businesses do not only put themselves at risk of monetary cost but also reputational damage.
Here is the list of all the types of internet threats:
Types of Internet Threats A-L
Adware is any software application in which advertising banners are displayed while a program is running. The ads are delivered through pop-up windows or bars that appear on the program’s user interface. Adware is commonly created for computers, but may also be found on mobile devices.
An asset is a part of software or hardware contained by an information technology environment that hold up data related activities. The stalking of assets within an asset management system can be essential to the functioning or monetary success of an organization. Therefore, an asset should be defended from illegal access, use, leak, a variation which might lead to a loss in the organization.
Bluejacking is a hacking method that allows an individual to send anonymous messages to Bluetooth-enabled devices within a certain radius. First, the hacker scans his surroundings with a Bluetooth-enabled device, searching for other devices. The hacker then sends an unsolicited message to the detected devices.
Bluesnarfing is the use of Bluetooth connection to steal information from a wireless device, particularly common in smartphones and laptops. Using programming languages that allow them to find Bluetooth devices left continuously on and in “discovery” mode, cybercriminals can attack devices as far as 300 feet away without leaving any trace.
Botnets are compilations of any form of internet-connected system that an attacker has compromised. Botnet is the compilation of software robots, or ‘bots’, that generates an army of infected computers (also regarded as ‘zombies’) that are distantly controlled by the inventor. It acts as a power multiplier for cybercriminals to force an entry into their recipient device. The bots are dispersed because the attacker uses several computers, together with yours, to lift off the distributed denial-of-service attacks (DDOS).
A browser hijacker is a malware program that modifies web browser settings without the user’s permission and redirects the user to websites the user had not intended to visit. Often called a browser redirect virus because it redirects the browser to other, usually malicious, websites, a browser hijacker enables browser hijacking.
This is the software that resides in the user’s computer for handling instant messaging (IM) or chat rooms. It an application that enables you to connect to an XMPP for instant messaging with other people over the Internet. There are many free clients you can use to do this, for many different devices and operating systems.
In this perspective, a threat is a possible or real adversarial event that may be malicious, which can compromise the assets of an organization or the reliability of a computer or network. A countermeasure is an exploit, system or device that is employed to stop, prevent or lessen various possible threats computers, servers, networks, operating systems (OS) or information systems (IS) can face. Countermeasure implements different tools such as anti-virus software and firewalls.
A cyber-attack is an intentional manipulation attack against computer systems, networks, and internet supported device. It makes use of malicious code to change the computer code, logic, or data causing troublesome outcomes that can compromise data and result to cybercrime such as information and identity damage. It is also acknowledged as computer network attack (CNA).
Cyberwarfare is any simulated clash instigated as a driven attack on an opponent’s computer and information systems. Conducted through the Internet, these attacks restrict financial and organizational systems by filching or changing confidential data to destabilize networks, websites, and services. It is employed when targeting the battlespace or warfare environment of computers, virtual control systems, and networks. It takes in mutually offensive and defensive processes pertaining to the threat of cyber attacks, surveillance, and interference.
Cybercrime is any criminal activity that requires a computer, networked gadget or a network. While most cybercrimes are incorporated with the intention of generating profit for the cybercriminals, some cybercrimes are carried out against computers or devices openly to damage or deactivate them, while others use it to distribute malware, illicit information, images or other materials.
Denial-of-Service Attack (DOS)
A Denial-of-Service (DoS) attack is an attack intended to close down a system or network, making it unreachable to its prospected users. DoS attacks achieve this plan by deluging the target with traffic or sending an information that generates a crash. The attack denies authentic users of the service or asset they anticipated.
Email-borne viruses are the malicious programs which are attached to the emails and are inflicted on the target computer or computer system. These viruses may be carried with a spam or phishing message from your friend who might also be unaware that his computer system is inflicted with such viruses.
High Orbit Ion Cannon
High Orbit Ion Cannon is a limitless, open-source network stress application which was developed to substitute the Low Orbit Ion Cannon. It is used to dispatch DoS and DDoS attacks, which intends to flood a target’s network with web traffic and close down the website. While the majority of the malicious software tools involve a great point of technical skill, the HOIC offers an easy and accessible interface and can be put on with the click of a button.
An it-related risk is any type of risk interconnected to information technology. While information has been appreciated as a valued and vital asset for a long time, the escalation of the information economy and the digital revolution has steered organizations in becoming gradually dependent on information, information processing and particularly IT. Evaluating the possibility of the prospect of several sorts of incidents with their projected effects they occur is a great way to evaluate IT risks. IT risk is the possibility that a given threat will make use of the vulnerabilities of an asset and thus cause damage to the organization.
Image spam is a type of spam, or rather, a spamming technique, in which a spam message is delivered in the form of an image. This is done to circumvent spam filters that scan for particular keywords. This works because a user can read an image, whereas many anti-spam systems cannot.
Internet safety is the act of trying to be safe on the internet and the understanding of exploiting the user’s personal safety and security threats to private information and assets associated with using the internet, and the self-defense from computer crime as a whole.
Internet security is a part of computer security particularly interrelated to the Internet, which involves browser security and also network security on a more universal level, as it pertains to other applications and operating systems altogether. Its intention is to create rules and measures to utilize against attacks over the Internet.
A keylogger, sometimes called a keystroke logger or system monitor, is a type of surveillance technology used to monitor and record each keystroke typed on a specific computer’s keyboard. A keylogger can record instant messages, email, and capture any information you type at any time using your keyboard, including usernames, passwords, and other personally identifiable information.
Low Orbit Ion Cannon
The Low Orbit Ion Cannon is a comprehensible tool used to launch DoS and DDoS attacks which overwork a server with malicious traffic flow. It was initially built by Praetox Technology as a network stress-testing application, but it has subsequently turned into an open-source which is now applied with a malicious target.
Types of Internet Threats M-Z
Man in the browser is a security attack where the culprit set up a Trojan horse on a target’s computer that has the capacity of altering the user’s Web transactions as they take place in real time. The usage of this method has been narrowing to financial fraud generally, due to the assets required.
Malware is any program that is detrimental to a computer user. Malware consist of computer viruses, spyware, worms, Trojan horses. These malicious programs can execute a selection of functions, ranging from stealing, encoding or deleting delicate data, modifying or hijacking essential computing tasks and monitoring users’ computer action without their consent.
Mousetrapping is a technique used by some websites to keep visitors from leaving their website, either by launching an endless series of pop-up ads—known colloquially as a soggy biscuit—or by re-launching their website in a window that cannot be easily closed (sometimes this window runs like a stand-alone application, and the taskbar and the browser’s menu become inaccessible). Many websites that do this also employ browser hijackers to reset the user’s default homepage.
Overseas Money Transfer Scam
This type of scam is specifically tricky where the scammer sends you money under a guise of payment. Once a device is compromised, hackers have access to everything on it: contact, emails, passwords, photos, and any other information. To make matters worse, they can also leave victims with costly bills.
Pharming is another way hackers try to deploy users on the Internet. Pharming is a tracking system in which malicious code is installed on a private computer or server, directing users to fraudulent Web sites without their awareness or permission.
Phishing is a cyber-attack that uses concealed email as a tool. The objective is to false the email recipient into considering that the message is something they need or require — an application from their bank, for instance, or a mail from their company.
A rootkit is a program or, more often, a collection of software tools that gives a threat actor remote access to and control over a computer or other system. While there have been legitimate uses for this type of software, such as to provide remote end-user support, most rootkits open a backdoor on victim systems to introduce malicious software, such as viruses, ransomware, keylogger programs or other types of malware, or to use the system for further network security attacks.
Rich Internet Applications
Rich Internet applications (RIA) are web-based applications that is designed to deliver some features of graphical desktop applications. Put together with controlling development outfits, RIAs runs faster and can be more occupying. They provide users an enhanced visual experience and extra interactivity than normal traditional browser applications that make use of only HTML and HTTP. RIAs usually divide the processing through the network by pinpointing the user interface and related activity, and also the data manipulation and processing of the application server side.
Ransomware is a form of malware that confines your right to use to your computer and exhibits a message that request payment in order for the restriction to be detached. It is a malicious software from crypto-virology that impends to publish the victim’s data or continually block access to it except a ransom is paid.
This is the mass distribution of unwanted messages, advertising or pornography to individuals which can simply be found on the Internet such as social networking sites, company websites and personal blogs.
Spoofing, in general, is a fraudulent or malicious practice in which communication is sent from an unknown source disguised as a source known to the receiver. Spoofing is most prevalent in communication mechanisms that lack a high level of security.
Spyware is software that is installed on a computing device without the end user’s knowledge. Such software is controversial because it is sometimes installed for relatively innocuous reasons as it can violate the end user’s privacy and has the potential to be abused.
Scareware is a type of malware designed to trick victims into purchasing and downloading useless and potentially dangerous software. Scareware, which generates pop-ups that resemble Windows system messages, usually purports to be antivirus or antispyware software, a firewall application or a registry cleaner. The messages typically say that a large number of problems — such as infected files — have been found on the computer and the user is prompted to purchase software to fix the problems.
SQL Injection refers to an injection attack wherein an attacker can execute malicious SQL statements (also commonly referred to as a malicious payload) that control a web application’s database server (also commonly referred to as a Relational Database Management System – RDBMS). Since an SQL Injection vulnerability could possibly affect any website or web application that makes use of an SQL-based database, the vulnerability is one of the oldest, most prevalent and most dangerous of web application vulnerabilities.
In computing, a Trojan horse is a program that appears harmless, but is, in fact, malicious. Trojan horse is any malicious computer program which misleads users of its true intent. Unexpected changes to computer settings and unusual activity, even when the computer should be idle, are strong indications that a Trojan is residing on a computer.
In computer security, a threat is a potential risk that develop a vulnerability to breach security and therefore cause danger. A threat can be either be intentional (for instance, hacking an individual, cracker or a criminal organization) or accidental (for instance, the probability of a computer malfunctioning, or the chance of a natural disaster such as an earthquake, a fire, or a tornado).
A computer virus is a malicious code that replicates by copying itself to another program, computer boot sector or document and changes how a computer works. The virus requires someone to knowingly or unknowingly spread the infection without the knowledge or permission of a user or system administrator.
A vulnerability is a security flaw in a software database that places the program or computer at risk of malicious programs and users. For instance, an Internet browser possesses a vulnerability that crashes the browser and let an individual read or copy files from the computer when you visit a web page with the malicious code.
A web application is any computer program that executes a precise task by making use of a web browser as its user. It is an application program that is kept on a remote server and conveyed throughout the network via a browser interface. The application is as simple as a message board or an interaction form on a website.
Web development generally implies the tasks related with emerging websites for hosting through the internet. Web development is the programming or coding that allows website functionality, for each of the owner’s desires. The process consists of web design, web content development, client-side/server-side scripting and network security alignment, among other functions.
Wi-Fi Eavesdropping is as an electronic attack where digital communications are intercepted by an individual whom they are not intended. This is done in two main ways: Directly listening to digital or analog voice communication or the interception or sniffing of data relating to any form of communication.
A computer worm is a type of malicious software program whose primary function is to infect other computers while remaining active on infected systems. A computer worm is a malicious, self-replicating software program (popularly termed as ‘malware’) which affects the functions of software and hardware programs.
WPA2 Handshake Vulnerabilities
A flaw in WPA2’s Handshake Vulnerabilities could be exploited to read and steal data that would otherwise be protected. In some situations, the vulnerability even leaves room for an attacker to manipulate data on a Wi-Fi network, or inject new data in. In practice, that means hackers could steal your passwords, intercept your financial data, or even manipulate commands to, say, send your money to themselves.